36-470. Examination of specimens; written requests; reports of results; retention of test records
A. Except as otherwise provided, a clinical laboratory shall examine specimens at the authorization of any person licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 7, 8, 13, 14, 17 or 29 or title 32, chapter 11, article 2, a person licensed to practice medicine or surgery in another state or a person authorized by law or department rules.
B. The result of a test shall be reported to the person who authorized it. A report of results issued from a clinical laboratory shall provide information required by the department by rule. A clinical interpretation, diagnosis or prognosis or suggested treatment other than normal values shall not appear on the laboratory report form, except that a report made by a physician licensed to practice medicine and surgery in this state or another state may include this information.
C. The result of a test may be reported to a health care provider, as defined in section 12-2291, that has a treatment relationship with a patient, to a person or entity that provides services to the health care provider and with whom the health care provider or the clinical laboratory has a business associate agreement that requires the person or entity to protect the confidentiality of patient information as required by the health insurance portability and accountability act privacy standards, 45 Code of Federal Regulations part 164, subpart E or to the patient or the patient's health care decision maker.
D. All specimens accepted by a laboratory for specified tests shall be tested on its premises, except that specimens, other than those for proficiency testing purposes, may be forwarded for examination to another laboratory licensed under this article or exempted by section 36-461, paragraph 1.
E. When the laboratory performing the examination is other than the laboratory accepting the specimen, the report submitted shall include information required by the department by rule.
F. Records involving laboratory services and copies of reports of laboratory tests shall be kept in a manner as prescribed by the department by rule.
G. A person authorized to request clinical laboratory examinations pursuant to this section may direct that a clinical laboratory examine a person's specimens at that person's request if the authorization is given pursuant to department rules and specifies:
1. The name of the person authorized to request an examination and to receive the results of that examination.
2. The type of examinations to be performed by the laboratory.
3. The total number of examinations the authorized person may request.
4. The beginning and expiration dates of the authorization.
5. The identification of the person giving the authorization.
H. The laboratory shall report test results ordered pursuant to subsection G of this section to the person who authorized the test and to the person who requested it.