The Arizona Revised Statutes have been updated to include the revised sections from the 54th Legislature, 2nd Regular Session. Please note that the next update of this compilation will not take place until after the conclusion of the 55th Legislature, 1st Regular Session, which convenes in January 2021.
This online version of the Arizona Revised Statutes is primarily maintained for legislative drafting purposes and reflects the version of law that is effective on January 1st of the year following the most recent legislative session. The official version of the Arizona Revised Statutes is published by Thomson Reuters.
28-2134. Satisfaction of lien or encumbrance; assignment of obligation by lienholder; civil penalty
A. When a holder of a lien or encumbrance receives payment in full satisfying a lien or encumbrance recorded under this article, the holder of the lien or encumbrance shall release the lien or encumbrance and notify the owner of the vehicle at the address shown on the certificate of title or, if the holder of the lien or encumbrance has been previously notified of sale or transfer of the vehicle, the person who is legally entitled to possession that the department has issued a certificate of title to the person for the vehicle.
B. If a holder of a lien or encumbrance assigns the obligation and the holder lawfully has possession of the certificate of title, the holder shall deliver the certificate of title at the time of assignment to the holder's assignee. If a holder of a lien or encumbrance is not entitled to possession of the certificate of title when the holder assigns the obligation, the holder shall immediately deliver the certificate of title to the assignee when the holder becomes lawfully entitled to and obtains lawful possession of the certificate of title. The holder's assignee is entitled to hold the certificate of title until the obligation is satisfied. When the obligation is satisfied, the assignee shall deliver the certificate of title to the next holder of a lien or encumbrance entitled to possession of the certificate of title or, if there is not another holder of a lien or encumbrance entitled to possession of the certificate of title, to the owner of the vehicle as prescribed in subsection A of this section.
C. If a holder of a lien or encumbrance who possesses a certificate of title as provided in this article refuses or fails to surrender the certificate of title to the person who is legally entitled to possession of the certificate of title on that person's request and within fifteen business days after the holder receives payment in full satisfaction of the holder's lien or encumbrance, after an opportunity for an administrative hearing, the department may impose and collect a civil penalty from the holder of the lien or encumbrance to be deposited, pursuant to sections 35-146 and 35-147, in the state highway fund established by section 28-6991 as follows:
1. Fifty dollars if the certificate of title is surrendered in accordance with this subsection within three additional business days.
2. The penalty provided for in paragraph 1 of this subsection plus fifty dollars for each additional day exceeding eighteen business days that the certificate of title is not surrendered in accordance with this subsection up to a maximum of five hundred dollars for each certificate of title.
D. The department may satisfy a lien or encumbrance on its records and on a certificate of title to a vehicle if the owner of the vehicle furnishes satisfactory proof of the payment in full of the underlying debt and an affidavit stating the following:
1. That the owner has made a diligent search to locate the holder of the lien or encumbrance.
2. With particularity the steps taken in the search.
3. That after the search the holder of the lien or encumbrance could not be found.
E. The department may satisfy a lien or encumbrance against a vehicle on its records by accepting a certificate of title to the vehicle issued by another jurisdiction if all of the following conditions exist:
1. The lien previously recorded in this state does not appear on the title presented from another jurisdiction.
2. The certificate of title was issued by the other jurisdiction at least one year before the time it was presented to this state.
3. The law of the other jurisdiction requires a lien or encumbrance to be recorded on that state's certificate of title.