36-665. Order for disclosure of communicable disease related information
A. Notwithstanding any other law, no court or administrative body may issue an order for the disclosure of or a search warrant for communicable disease related information, except as provided by this section. An administrative body includes any administrative law judge or hearing officer presiding over matters relating to the administrative body.
B. An order for disclosure of or a search warrant for communicable disease related information may be issued on an application showing any one of the following:
1. A compelling need for disclosure of the information for the adjudication of a criminal, civil or administrative proceeding.
2. A clear and imminent danger to a person whose life or health may unknowingly be at significant risk as a result of contact with the person to whom the information pertains.
3. If the application is filed by a state, county or local health officer, a clear and imminent danger to the public health.
4. That the applicant is lawfully entitled to the disclosure and the disclosure is consistent with the provisions of this article.
5. A clear and imminent danger to a person or to public health or a compelling need requiring disclosure of the communicable disease related information.
C. On receiving an application pursuant to this section, the court or administrative body shall enter an order directing that the file be sealed and not made available to any person, except to the extent necessary to conduct a proceeding in connection with the determination of whether to grant or deny the application, including an appeal. The court or administrative body shall also order that all subsequent proceedings in connection with the application be conducted in camera and, if appropriate to prevent the unauthorized disclosure of communicable disease related information, that pleadings, papers, affidavits, judgments, orders, briefs and memoranda of law that are part of the application or the decision not state the name of the person concerning whom communicable disease related information is sought.
D. The person concerning whom the information is sought and a person holding records from whom disclosure is sought shall be given adequate notice of the application in a manner which does not disclose to any other person the identity of the person and may file a written response to the application or appear in person for the limited purpose of providing evidence on the criteria for the issuance of an order pursuant to this section.
E. The court or administrative body may grant an order without notice and an opportunity to be heard if an ex parte application by a public health officer shows that a clear and imminent danger to a person whose life or health may unknowingly be at risk requires an immediate order and that notice to the individual about whom the information is sought is not reasonable under the circumstances.
F. Service of a subpoena is not required for actions brought pursuant to subsections D and E.
G. In assessing compelling need and clear and imminent danger, the court or administrative body shall provide written findings of fact, including scientific or medical findings, citing specific evidence in the record which supports each finding, and shall weigh the need for disclosure against the privacy interest of the protected person and the public interest which may be disserved by disclosure which deters future testing or treatment or which may lead to discrimination.
H. An order authorizing disclosure of or a search warrant for communicable disease related information shall:
1. Limit disclosure to that information which is necessary to fulfill the purpose for which the order is granted.
2. Limit disclosure to those persons whose need for the information is the basis for the order, and specifically prohibit redisclosure by persons to any other persons, whether or not they are parties to the action.
3. To the extent possible consistent with this section, conform to the provisions of this article.
4. Include other measures as deemed necessary to limit disclosures not authorized by the order.
I. Notwithstanding any other law, a court or administrative body shall not order the department, a county health department or a local health department to release HIV-related information in its possession.