The Arizona Revised Statutes have been updated to include the revised sections from the 55th Legislature, 2nd Regular Session. Please note that the next update of this compilation will not take place until after the conclusion of the 56th Legislature, 1st Regular Session, which convenes in January 2023.
This online version of the Arizona Revised Statutes is primarily maintained for legislative drafting purposes and reflects the version of law that is effective on January 1st of the year following the most recent legislative session. The official version of the Arizona Revised Statutes is published by Thomson Reuters.
41-1092.12. Private right of action; recovery of costs and fees; definitions
A. If an agency takes an action against a party that is arbitrary, capricious or not in accordance with law, the action is an appealable agency action if all of the following apply:
1. Within ten days after receiving notification of the action that is arbitrary, capricious or not in accordance with law, the party notifies the director of the agency in writing of the party's intent to file a claim pursuant to this section. This notice shall include a description of the action the party claims to be arbitrary, capricious or not in accordance with law and reasons why the action is arbitrary, capricious or not in accordance with law.
2. The agency continues the action that is arbitrary, capricious or not in accordance with law more than ten days after the agency receives the notice.
3. The action is not excluded from the definition of appealable agency action as defined in section 41-1092.
B. This section only applies if an administrative remedy or an administrative or a judicial appeal of final agency action is not otherwise provided by law.
C. If the party prevails, the agency shall pay reasonable costs and fees to the party from any monies appropriated to the agency and available for that purpose or from other operating monies of the agency. If the agency fails or refuses to pay the award within fifteen days after the demand, and if no further review or appeal of the award is pending, the prevailing party may file a claim with the department of administration. The department of administration shall pay the claim within thirty days in the same manner as an uninsured property loss under chapter 3.1, article 1 of this title, except that the agency is responsible for the total amount awarded and shall pay it from its operating monies. If the agency had appropriated monies available for paying the award at the time it failed or refused to pay, the legislature shall reduce the agency's operating appropriation for the following fiscal year by the amount of the award and shall appropriate that amount to the department of administration as reimbursement for the loss.
D. If the administrative law judge determines that the appealable agency action is frivolous, the administrative law judge may require the party to pay reasonable costs and fees to the agency in responding to the appeal filed before the office of administrative hearings.
E. Notwithstanding any other law, a licensee may forgo an administrative appeal and seek judicial review of an agency's grant, denial, modification or revocation of a permit issued pursuant to title 49.
F. For the purposes of this section:
1. "Action against the party" means any of the following that results in the expenditure of costs and fees:
(a) A decision.
(b) An inspection.
(c) An investigation.
(d) The entry of private property.
(e) A notice of violation.
2. "Agency" means the department of environmental quality established pursuant to title 49, chapter 1, article 1.
3. "Costs and fees" means reasonable attorney and professional fees.
4. "Notice of violation" means a written notice issued after an inspection or investigation pursuant to section 41-1009 that documents and communicates an alleged deficiency meeting one or more of the criteria listed in section 41-1009, subsection E.
5. "Party" means an individual, partnership, corporation, association and public or private organization at whom the action was directed and who has expended costs and fees as a result of the action against the party.