Assigned to JUD                                                                                                                     FOR COMMITTEE






Fifty-Fifth Legislature, Second Regular Session


FACT SHEET FOR h.b. 2319


law enforcement activity; recording prohibition


Prohibits a person from making a video recording of a law enforcement activity within eight feet of the law enforcement activity, with certain exceptions.


A person commits obstructing governmental operations if, by using or threatening to use violence or physical force, the person knowingly obstructs, impairs or hinders: 1) the performance of a governmental function by a public servant acting under color of the public servant's official authority; or 2) the enforcement of the penal law or the preservation of the peace by a peace officer acting under color of the peace officer's official authority. Obstructing government operations is a class 1 misdemeanor (A.R.S. § 13-2402).

There is no anticipated fiscal impact to the state General Fund associated with this legislation.


1.   Prohibits a person from knowingly making a video recording of a law enforcement activity within eight feet of where the law enforcement activity is occurring without permission from a law enforcement officer.

2.   Allows a person, if a law enforcement activity occurs in an enclosed structure, to record the law enforcement activity from within eight feet in an adjacent room or area, unless a law enforcement officer determines that:

a)   the person is interfering with the law enforcement activity; or

b)   it is not safe to be in the area and orders the person to stop recording or leave the area.

3.   Allows a person who is the subject of police contact to record the encounter if the person is not interfering with lawful police actions, including searching, handcuffing or administering a field sobriety test.

4.   Allows the occupant of the vehicle who is subject to a police stop to record the encounter if the occupant is not interfering with lawful police actions.

5.   Classifies unlawful video recording of law enforcement activity as a petty offense, unless a person fails to comply with a verbal warning of a violation or has been previously convicted of a violation in which case an offense is a class 3 misdemeanor.

6.   States that this legislation does not establish a right, or authorize any person, to make a video recording of a law enforcement officer.

7.   Defines law enforcement activity as:

a)   questioning a suspicious person;

b)   conducting an arrest, issuing a summons or enforcing the law; or

c)   handling an emotionally disturbed or disorderly person who is exhibiting abnormal behavior.

8.   Becomes effective on the general effective date.

House Action

MAPS             2/15/22      W/D

APPROP         2/21/22      DPA    7-5-0-1

3rd Read          2/23/22                  31-28-1

Prepared by Senate Research

March 15, 2022