In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
1. "Authorized delegate" means a person designated by the licensee under section 6-1208.
2. "Check cashing" means exchanging for compensation a check, debit card payment order, draft, money order, traveler's check or payment instrument of a licensee for money delivered to the presenter at the time and place of the presentation.
3. "Control" means ownership of fifteen per cent or more of a licensee or controlling person, or the power to vote fifteen per cent or more of the outstanding voting securities of a licensee or controlling person. For the purpose of determining the percentage controlled by any one person, that person's interest shall be aggregated with the interest of any other person controlled by that person, by an officer, partner or authorized delegate of that person, or by a spouse, parent or child of that person.
4. "Controlling person" means a person directly or indirectly in control of a licensee.
5. "Engage in the business" means conducting activities regulated under this chapter more than ten times in any calendar year for compensation or in the expectation of compensation. For purposes of this paragraph, "compensation" means any fee, commission or other benefit.
6. "Foreign money exchange" means exchanging for compensation money of the United States government or a foreign government to or from money of another government at a conspicuously posted exchange rate at the time and place of the presentation of the money to be exchanged.
7. "Licensee" means a person licensed under this chapter.
8. "Location" means a place of business at which activity regulated by this chapter occurs.
9. "Money" means a medium of exchange that is authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government as a part of its currency and that is customarily used and accepted as a medium of exchange in the country of issuance.
10. "Money accumulation business" means obtaining money from a money transmitter as part of any activity that is carried on for financial gain if the money that is obtained by all persons acting in concert in the activity, in amounts of one thousand dollars or more, totals over fifty thousand dollars in the preceding twelve-month period. Money accumulation business does not include a person who is subject to the reporting requirements under 31 United States Code section 5313. The exception that is established by 31 United States Code section 5331, subsection (c), paragraph 1 does not apply to persons who are engaged in the money accumulation business.
11. "Money transmitter" means a person who is located or doing business in this state, including a check casher and a foreign money exchanger, and who does any of the following:
(a) Sells or issues payment instruments.
(b) Engages in the business of receiving money for the transmission of or transmitting money.
(c) Engages in the business of exchanging payment instruments or money into any form of money or payment instrument.
(d) Engages in the business of receiving money for obligors for the purpose of paying that obligor's bills, invoices or accounts.
(e) Meets the definition of a bank, financial agency or financial institution as prescribed by 31 United States Code section 5312 or 31 Code of Federal Regulations section 1010.100.
12. "Outstanding payment instruments" means unpaid payment instruments whose sale has been reported to a licensee.
13. "Payment instrument" means a check, draft, money order, traveler's check or other instrument or order for the transmission or payment of money sold to one or more persons whether or not that instrument or order is negotiable. Payment instrument does not include an instrument that is redeemable by the issuer in merchandise or service, a credit card voucher or a letter of credit.
14. "Permissible investment" means any of the following:
(a) Money on hand or on deposit in the name of the licensee.
(b) Certificates of deposit or other debt instruments of a bank, savings and loan association or credit union.
(c) Bills of exchange or time drafts that are drawn on and accepted by a bank, otherwise known as banker's acceptances, and that are eligible for purchase by member banks of the federal reserve system.
(d) Commercial paper bearing a rating of one of the three highest grades as defined by a nationally recognized organization that rates these securities.
(e) Securities, obligations or other instruments whose payment is guaranteed by the general taxing authority of the issuer, of the United States or of any state or by any other governmental entity or any political subdivision or instrumentality of a governmental entity and that bear a rating of one of the three highest grades by a nationally recognized investment service organization that has been engaged regularly in rating state and municipal issues for at least five years.
(f) Stocks, bonds or other obligations of a corporation organized in any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or the several territories organized by Congress that bear a rating of one of the three highest grades by a nationally recognized investment service organization that has been engaged regularly in rating corporate securities for at least five years.
(g) Any receivable that is due to a licensee from its authorized delegate pursuant to a contract between the licensee and authorized delegate as prescribed in section 6-1208 if the amount of investment in those receivables does not exceed ninety per cent of the total amount of those receivables after subtracting the amount of those receivables that is past due or doubtful of collection.
15. "Responsible individual" means a person who is employed by a licensee and who has principal active management authority over the business of the licensee in this state that is regulated under this chapter.
16. "Trade or business" has the same meaning prescribed in section 162 of the internal revenue code of 1954 and includes the money accumulation business.
17. "Transmitting money" means the transmission of money by any means including transmissions within this country or to or from locations abroad by payment instrument, wire, facsimile, internet or any other electronic transfer, courier or otherwise.
18. "Traveler's check" means an instrument identified as a traveler's check on its face or commonly recognized as a traveler's check and issued in a money multiple of United States or foreign currency with a provision for a specimen signature of the purchaser to be completed at the time of purchase and a countersignature of the purchaser to be completed at the time of negotiation.