28-1301. Definitions

In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

1. "Certified ignition interlock device" means an ignition interlock device that is certified pursuant to article 5 of this chapter.

2. "Circumvent" or "circumvention" means an attempted or successful bypass of the proper functioning of a certified ignition interlock device and includes all of the following:

(a) The bump start of a motor vehicle with a certified ignition interlock device.

(b) The introduction of a false sample other than a deep-lung breath sample from the person driving the motor vehicle.

(c) The introduction of an intentionally contaminated or a filtered breath sample.

(d) The intentional disruption or blocking of a digital image identification device.

(e) The continued operation of the motor vehicle after the certified ignition interlock device detects breath alcohol exceeding the presumptive limit prescribed in section 28-1381, subsection G, paragraph 3 or, if the person is under twenty-one years of age, any attempt to operate the motor vehicle with any spirituous liquor in the person's body.

(f) Operating a motor vehicle without a properly functioning certified ignition interlock device.

(g) Allowing a person other than the person who is required to maintain a functioning certified ignition interlock device pursuant to this chapter to breathe into the certified ignition interlock device for the purpose of providing a breath alcohol sample to start the motor vehicle or for the rolling retest.

3. "Commercial motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles used to transport passengers or property if the motor vehicle either:

(a) Has a gross combined weight rating of twenty-six thousand one or more pounds inclusive of a towed unit with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than ten thousand pounds.

(b) Has a gross vehicle weight rating of twenty-six thousand one or more pounds.

(c) Is a school bus.

(d) Is a bus.

(e) Is used in the transportation of materials found to be hazardous for the purposes of the hazardous materials transportation act (49 United States Code sections 5101 through 5127) and is required to be placarded under 49 Code of Federal Regulations section 172.504, as adopted by the department pursuant to chapter 14 of this title.

4. "Education" means a program in which a person participates in at least sixteen hours of classroom instruction relating to alcohol or other drugs.

5. "Ignition interlock device" means a device that is based on alcohol specific electrochemical fuel sensor technology that meets the national highway traffic safety administration specifications, that connects a breath analyzer to a motor vehicle's ignition system, that is constantly available to monitor the concentration by weight of alcohol in the breath of any person attempting to start the motor vehicle by using its ignition system and that deters starting the motor vehicle by use of its ignition system unless the person attempting to start the motor vehicle provides an appropriate breath sample for the device and the device determines that the concentration by weight of alcohol in the person's breath is below a preset level.

6. "Ignition interlock service provider" means a person who is an authorized representative of a manufacturer and who is under contract with the department to install or oversee the installation of ignition interlock devices by the provider's authorized agents or subcontractors and to provide services to the public related to ignition interlock devices.

7. "License" means any license, temporary instruction permit or temporary license issued under the laws of this state or any other state pertaining to the licensing of persons to operate motor vehicles.

8. "Manufacturer" means a person or an organization that is located in the United States, that is responsible for the design, construction or production of an ignition interlock device and that is certified by the department to offer ignition interlock devices for installation in motor vehicles in this state.

9. "Rolling retest" means a breath alcohol test that is required of a person at random intervals after the motor vehicle is started and that is in addition to the initial test required to start the motor vehicle.

10. "Screening" means a preliminary interview and assessment of an offender to determine if the offender requires alcohol or other drug education or treatment.

11. "Tampering" means an overt or conscious attempt to physically disable or otherwise disconnect the certified ignition interlock device from its power source that allows the operator to start the engine without taking and passing the requisite breath test.

12. "Technician" means a person who is certified and properly trained by an ignition interlock service provider to install, inspect, repair, calibrate, service or remove certified ignition interlock devices.

13. "Treatment" means a program consisting of at least twenty hours of participation in a group setting dealing with alcohol or other drugs in addition to the sixteen hours of education.